Result of Effective Protection
Positive conservation outcomes are directly linked to the success of the reintroduction program of the endangered Przewalski’s horse, and to the effectiveness of the park conservation management.
- HNP has the largest population of Przewalski’s horses living in a defined wild area. Experts of the Equid Specialist Group of Species Survival Commission of International Union of Conservation Nature concluded that Mongolia is the only country where truly wild reintroduced populations exist within its historic range (Boyd and King 2011).
- The species was previously listed as Extinct in the Wild until 1996. Its status was then reassessed as Critically Endangered in 2008, and Endangered in 2011. The success of the reintroduction program in HNP was the main factor for down-listing the status of the P-horse.
3. Hustai Nuruu benefits from special state protection. A large portion of the pastureland that was previously degraded from human activity near and around soums and agricultural units, and from livestock herds from western aimags to the capital city, have recovered gradually and now exhibit favorable conditions for wildlife. Wildlife diversity spread out intensively in a short period of time. Grazing now remains relatively stable.
4. Involving local people in conservation and research activities is critical to ensure such projects are successful. The buffer zone of HNP has over 30 communities of local people and herders. HNP Trust (HNPT) works closely with people living within the buffer zone, supporting and establishing relationships with herder communities.
5. HNPT is unique, in that it is the only NGO that oversees the management of a national park in Mongolia. Moreover, HNP is the only self-financed national park with its own source of income, and not relying upon state subsidies.
6. Since 2002, HNP is a registered affiliate of the UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere Program (MAB). The program is an Intergovernmental Scientific Program that aims to “establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments” (UNESCO, 2016). In practice, this means that the natural environment and local people are jointly benefiting from HNP.
7. In 2007 HNPT became a member of the internationally renowned governing conservation body, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).