To develop buffer zone

To develop bufferzone

 

  1. To change mindsets
  2. To make legal adjustments
  3. Training for the improvement and capacity in local communities
  4. To support the sustainability of the initiative

To change mindsets

The policy: In the area around Ulaanbaatar, herders do not have the opportunity to improve their livelihoods for pastoral livestock, thus try to find another income sources.

What are their areas of understanding and knowledge?

What are their areas of understanding and knowledge?

  • -Pasture and land area issues
  • -The changing climate
  • -Tendency of social development
  • -Way to change local customs
  • -The requirement for the conservation
  • -The requirement for sustainable use of natural resources

How to?

  • -Herders meeting

- For man

- For woman

- For youth

  • -For chairman of community
  • -Hustai newspaper
  • -Meeting

To make legal adjustments

  • -To create herder community
  • -To use a pasture only after a contract between herder communities is agreed upon
  • -To provide area for cropland
  • -To create Buffer zone council members
  • -To process regulations
  • -To process the management plan and implement the agreed terms

 

Training for the improvement and capacity in local communities

Trainings:

  • -How to organize the community?
  • -How to estimate family income and expenses?
  • -How to make felt and felting product?
  • -How to process sheep wool?
  • -Service of community based tourism
  • -How to train a horse guide for tourists
  • -How to design and replicate the traditional Mongolian regalia?
  • -How to plant vegetables in green garden?
  • -How to conserve vegetables?
  • -How to cultivate Sea buckthorn?
  • -To manage the farmer
  • -To make handcraft
  • -To make deels throughout the community.

To support the sustainability of the initiative

  • -To grant sost loan (loan rate 0.5% per month)

- The buffer zone fund has established each soum (32.0-34.0 million tugrik)

- The buffer zone developing fund has established Hustai NPT (600 million tugrik)

  • -To provide material aids

- Green garden for 6 community

- Fence

- Berry bushes

- Fair

- Potato seeds

- Training and implemtation of equipment.

  • To provide grant for public service

Grants by million tugrik

Soum 1995 – 2000 2001 – 2005 2005 – 2010 Total
Altanbulag 34.467 44.253 95.611 174.331
Argalant 24.975 55.581 100.973 181.529
Bayankhangai 30.436 35.900 93.516 159.852
Total 89.878 135.734 290.100 515.712