Review of vegetation research in Hustai National park

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Review of vegetation research in Hustai National park

   Since 1993 started re-introduction of takhi what only one wild horse of the world, one of the many studies is vegetation. Since 1993, we had over 100 articles and reports published in Mongolia and abroad. There are about 80% translated to English. Also over 40 articles published by Whole study works contain articles, reports, work of bachelor, master and doctors of Mongolian and foreign University. We divided 4 groups on vegetation study. 

   First group included beginning or registered stage of vegetation and flora research in Hustai. Significant of register stage is identified condition of that period and defined forecast works. So first of all study of vegetation is registered plant diversity. Researchers started register of flora and/or vegetation on May of 1993, detected 11 vegetation communities, defined their species composition and richness (Manibazar, 1995, 1998). Vegetation study used Braun-Blanquet method. Also researchers identified other non-vascular plants as lichen (Enhtuya, 2001), moss (Tsegmid, 2002) and fungus.

  In second group contain study of monitoring. Those studies contain vegetation condition of nowadays; detect factors affected it and conservation management. For example, some study described forest condition (Tsagaantsooj, 1995; Bulgan, 2002; Tsogtbaatar, 2003; Enkhsaikhan, 2009), vegetation condition and their growth and development (Manibazar, 1998; Bulgan, 2000, 2001; Sergelen, 2003-2007, Tserendulam et. al., 2008, 2009, 2010; Oyunbileg, 2011; Tserendulam, 2011), grazing capacity (Tserendash, 1998; Bolormaa, 2004), dynamic of biomass (Bolormaa, 2003) and others.

  The special study and some monographs belongs third group. For examples, this group consist of distribution, resource and conservation management of medicine plants, (Sanjid, 1999), species composition and resource of mellifluous plants (Ochirbat, 1999), morphological character and photosynthesis of some plants (Sergelen, 2002, 2006), seed ecology of some plant species (Undarmaa, 2010), takhi, marmot, other herbivorous and grasshopper affected to vegetation (Sergelen, 2006; Munkhbat, 2009, 2010; Baasanjalbuu, 1999; Todgerel, 2002; Yoshihara, 2008, 2009).

  The study on ecosystem level or wide range belong fourth group. In recent days study to give attention connect each others, define correlation of researches. In last case, researchers are connecting pasture, vegetation and soil issue.

  We introduced some studies of vegetation and flora where in HNP. If you want to find some result and use result of these studies, and we enjoyable to be partnership with who research and administration for nature conservation.

Hustai National Park” Trust

Jan Bouman Scholarship

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Lamas holding a traditional ceremony on the holy Hustai mountainIn 1998 the Foundation for the Preservation and Protection of the Przewalski Horse (FPPPH, the Netherlands) initiated a special grant in remembrance of its former chairman Jan Bouman, who passed away two years earlier.

Through this grant - the "Jan Bouman Scholarship" - each year one Mongolian postgraduate is being offered the opportunity to participate full-time in the field research programme on the free roaming Przewalski horses in Hustai National Park, or for the conservation of the species in the for the steppe ecosystem relevant research.

Download the brochure in .pdf format with further details on the "Jan Bouman Scholarship" (201 kb).

Information for foreign guest researchers

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Vegetation researchResearch from guest researchers is certainly welcomed in the Hustai National Park. The Mongolian scientific staff is responsible for the execution of an extensive monitoring programme and the supervision of Mongolian students. Therefore, time to assist guest researchers is limited, as well are accommodation places. A procedure for foreign students and scientists for application was developed.

What to do if you want to do research at Hustai National Park?

1. Summit a research proposal or study programme to:
T.Munkhbat, Research training manager of Hustai National Park, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

2. On the following issues supplemental information will be required:

  • Personal data, such as name, place and date of birth, nationality, permanent address and a curriculum vitae.
  • Information about your education: secondary school, academic education, and other education.
  • Knowledge of languages.
  • Current occupation and experience in the field of interest.

3. Please, write on how long you want to stay, and what acquirements you need for doing your field work at Hustai National Park (computer, what kind of assistance do you expect from the staff, etc.).
4. Hustai National Park must have received your application before December 1st of each year.

The received proposals will be discussed in the scientific staff. You will be answered as soon as possible (within three months).

Main selection criteria

  1. The research proposal or study programme has to fit in with the research plan which is being executed at Hustai National Park.
  2. The research proposal or study programme must add value to the research plan as it is currently being executed at Hustai National Park.


  1. At the end of your study period it is expected of you to hold a short presentation on your work before the staff of Hustai National Park.
  2. Within a period of six months after having left Hustai National Park you must summit a report on your work to Hustai National Park.
  3. Since the Park has very limited funds to bear the costs of its management activities in the Park, you have to pay for your transport, food (a cook is present), accommodation and services. On request the staff will inform you about the costs per day.

As soon as all parties have agreed upon your proposal you will receive a contract with the conditions, rights and duties for both sides.

Ecovolunteering at Hustai

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Ecovolunteering at Hustai

Bringing the Takhi back to Mongolia was not the end of a success of a new chapter at Hustai National Park. Still little is known about the free living Takhi. Their habitat use, distribution, social behaviour, diet, health and movements are closely monitored. This annual monitoring programme can only be executed on large scale with the assistance of ecovolunteers.

As an ecovolunteer you will live and work alongside experienced Mongolian biologists, assisting in such tasks as collecting data about the home ranges of the takhi. In their 'home range' takhi search for food, water, mineral licks and shelter. Not only location is registered on maps, but also other data like activities (moving, drinking, resting, grazing and social behaviour) are noted on standard forms. All the information gained from the monitoring done in the Hustai National Park is collected and combined in the database and more specifically in ArcView of the Geographic Information System. It is a system of maps and data of the area with information from soil types to vegetation dynamics and with weather conditions.

Walking a wildlife transectOne of the Mongolian biologists is supervising the ecovolunteer in their fieldwork.

Ecovolunteers may also participate in other fields during their stay. Park wildlife researchers are involved in walking wildlife transects, marmot observations, bird registration, wolf research and many other projects.

If you wish to know more, please read, write to the office of Hustai National Park in Ulaanbaatar, at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  

International research centre – Hustai

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International research centre – Hustai

Hustai strengthens its capacities and facilities of research and training aiming to broaden at international field researches of ecology, biology and conservation. Hustai National Park is famous for its specific nature combination of steppe, steppe Gobi and biodiversities. The main researches at the parks are first the distribution, density, composition of biodiversities in HNP second ecosystem monitoring third research on the takhi adaptation to the wild in HNP. The researches which have been done at the park are as follows:  

 Long term monitoring

  1. Climate
  2. Plants and vegetation  
  3. Density and location of the wild animals
  4. Growth, fertility rate and behaviors of the takhi
  5. Water balance

Other researches

  1. Contracted researches
  2. Student field researches (students, masters, doctor candidates work in the field for their thesis)   

 The researches done in the past 10 years 

A responsible man collects the climate data and also an automate data recorder works at the research center. It records data in 8 categories three times a week and process all data once a month.

Spring, capacity, component and balance
The spring capacity and component of surface water were studied. Its monitoring continues in collaboration with the Meteorological Institute.

Soil component, features, macro and micro elements and its erosion have been studied.

Plants, vegetation
Vascular plants, moss, lichens, mushroom species, yields and their vegetation cover and pasture type have been studied in HNP and its buffer zone. The monitoring on the impacts of climate changes and big herbivores to vegetation has continued.  

The Przewaslkii Horse
Studies on harem structure, movement, diseases, fertility, home ranges and ethology have been done. 

Long term monitorings of the population and density of red deer, roe deer, white tailed gazelles, grey wolves, yellow fox, corsac fox… etc continue.

Small mammals
Species composition and density of marmots and other small mammals have been studied for last 4 years.  

Migrating and wintering birds in the park were recorded.

Insects, reptiles, amphibians
Most species of insects, reptiles and amphibians of the park recorded.

The surveys for buffer zone residents have been done several times.

The locations of stone monuments and old tombs around the park have been determined. 

We are members


Flowers of Hustai National Park

20$-р зарагдах энэ номонд ХБЦГ-ын цэцэгс болон Монгол оронд ургадаг ихэнх цэцгийг үзэж болно.

Birds of Hustai National Park

20$-н үнэтэй энэ номноос та ХБЦГ-т байгаа бүх шувуудыг харж болно.

Przewalski's horse Coming to Mongolia

25$-р зарагдах энэ номонд ХБЦГ-т тахь яаж ирсэн талаар бүх зүйлс байгаа.